Impact Assessment of Global Warming to Coastal Cities and Adaptation
                                                 (1999-2002)

                                                                 Local Discussion in Semarang (23 Feb. 2003)

                                                                            DR. Hideyuki Kobayashi

                                                                           National Institute for Land and Infrastructure Management
                                                                            Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, JAPAN

1. GENERAL SITUATION

   Increase of Green House Gases (CO2  emission etc.)

          -> Global Warming

          -> Sea Level Rise

          -> Impacts to coastal zone

2. FRAMEWORK

    Evaluation of vulnerability.

    Reduction of emission through international coordination.

    Reduction of impact and mitigation in vulerable area.

3. PURPOSE OF THIS RESEARCH

    Feasibility study (1999)

    Identification of problems (2000)

    Loss measurement (2001)

    Adaptation (2002)

4. METHODOLOGY

    Field survey-> basic units

    Analysis of satellite image -> GIS data

    Assessment of Impact

    Appropriate adaptation

5. APPROACHES TO ADAPTATION

    Description of existing approaches for adaptation SLR

  Evaluation of cost and benefits of alternative adaptation

    Choice of most appropriate adaptive measures

6. POSSIBLE ALTERNATIVES FOR ADAPTATION

  - relocation
  - bank & pump
  - reclamation
  - high-rise buildings

7. FUTURE SCOPE

  Considering the short-term scenario

  More actual/practical adaptation plan